Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Parenting skill Essay

1.How can guardians keep away from hissy fits? It having an arrangement to quiet your self down each time you have for instance by setting off to your glad place,relax,and by remaining quiet at record-breaking 2.What are the A, B, Cs? - An is for the qualities you need your kid to have ⠁Æ'B is for the conduct you need to oblige those traits. ⠁Æ'C is for the outcome that will be given, positive or negative 3. Do you think utilizing outcomes and following the ABC procedure will help shape a child’s conduct? Why or why not? Indeed, I think utilizing outcomes and following the ABC procedure will help shape a child’s conduct since it gives the youngster a lot of desires you need from them and on the grounds that normally people are destined to satisfy they are going to attempt their hardest to live by those desires you have given them. 1.What are a portion of the reasons why individuals may not converse with babies as much today as they used to? We don’t truly know the specific motivation behind why individuals are not conversing with their children as much some may state it is because of the bustling way of life we have or that everybody is secluded inside the house 2. For what reason do you think creating language abilities is significant for a kid? Creating language aptitudes as a kid is significant in light of the fact that when youngsters are more youthful it is simpler for them to learn and create and they ought to figure out how to be acceptable communicators 3.What are a portion of the manners in which that guardians can support the advancement of language aptitudes? One way guardians can help energize improvement of language abilities is by giving them their full focus and happily conversing with them on the grounds that the majority of their learning is through impersonation.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Criminology theory research paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Criminology hypothesis look into paper - Essay Example Accordingly, the Canadian preservationist government has received differed measures planned for tending to this hazard. These incorporate expanding longer jail terms just as building up more penitentiaries. (Agnew and Cullen 121) As much as this has been useful in turning away wrongdoing, its viability has regularly been faulty. This in this manner call the requirement for the utilization of old style criminology and strain hypothesis to clarify how government offices can turn away the consistently expanding paces of wrongdoing in the city of Toronto. Old style criminology hypothesis Prior to clarifying how government organizations in Toronto can apply old style criminology hypothesis to battle wrongdoing, it is essential to examine it major fundamental ideas. The old style school of criminology is regularly connected with Cesare Beccaria (Slocum 1107). It rose when the naturalistic methodology of implicit understanding researchers was testing the spiritualistic methodology that had ruled the considering criminal equity strategies over an extensive stretch (Becker 174). In this manner, traditional criminology developed as a dissent against profound clarifications of wrongdoing and the criminal approaches which they were based. Beccaria challenged a wide scope of irregularities in the administration just as open affairs(Slocum 1108). He upheld for different changes inside the criminal equity framework to make it progressively coherent and rational(Slocum 1108). He questioned the savage disciplines that were given around then. With respect to the legally binding society and the need of disciplines, Beccaria contended that laws are conditions under which individuals are joined to shape a general public. The law guards against private usurpations by people. He accepted that lone set up laws can announce disciplines for wrongdoings. Beccaria accepted that the genuine proportion of wrongdoing is the mischief done to the general public. In this way, he communicated af firmation of the way that wrongdoings ought not be submitted, or ought to be less continuous in relation to the mischief they case society. Therefore, he fought that snags that stop individuals from participating in wrongdoing ought to be made stringer in extent as they are in opposition to the open great. As indicated by Beccaria, there must be a legitimate extent among wrongdoing and punishment(Agnew and Cullen 231). Today, most law requirement offices apply this rule through the foundation of law implementation organizations planned for rebuffing crooks. As to seriousness of disciplines, Beccaria accepted that for discipline to accomplish it end, the underhanded it incurs needs to surpass the bit of leeway logical from the wrongdoing (Cornish and Clarke 943). He contended that the more brief and all the more intently discipline followed upon the commission of a crime, the more just and valuable it well be. As indicated by him, perhaps the best check of wrongdoing isn't the pitile ssness of discipline yet rather the conviction of discipline. Hence, he proposed that laws and agents of laws ought to be inflexible. Above all, Beccaria contended that it is smarter to forestall wrongdoing instead of to rebuff them(Agnew and Cullen 232). He in this manner accepted that a definitive reason for each great enactment ought to be to forestall wrongdoing. This should be possible through making laws understood and straightforward and that the whole power of a nation ought to be joined in the protection of these laws. In this manner, Beccaria accepted that laws ought to be distributed do that the general population might know about they are relied upon to do. His

Monday, August 17, 2020

What Facilitation Really Means and Why Its Key to the Future of Work

What “Facilitation” Really Means and Why It’s Key to the Future of Work In recent years, there has been increasing interest in a skill known as facilitation.Employers are increasingly looking for employees with facilitation skills, and facilitation has even been touted as the key to the future of work.As more workplaces abandon the traditional reliance on hierarchical structure and become more reliant on collaboration and problem solving, rather than just tactical execution, demand for facilitation skills will only keep increasing, and therefore, it is important to start developing this key skill early enough.But what exactly does facilitation mean, and why is it so important to the future of work?WHAT IS FACILITATION?When you ask someone to be a facilitator, the first thing they will probably think about is chairing a meeting or making presentations. This is a total misconception.Facilitation is about creating a structure and environment that makes it easy for people to collaborate.Facilitation is about bringing diverse groups of people together and mak ing it easy for them to work together to come up with a solution to a problem.The term facilitate is derived from the Latin word “facilis”, which means “to render less difficult” or “to make easy.”In the modern context, a number of definitions of facilitation have been put across.According to Trevor Bentley, a facilitator, independent consultant and author of the book Facilitation: Providing Opportunities For Learning, facilitation can be defined as:“the provision of opportunities, resources, encouragement and support for the group to succeed in achieving its objectives and to do this through enabling the group to take control and responsibility for the way they proceed.”Facilitation is important in any process that requires people to work together to come up with a desired result without being bound by the constraints of hierarchical structure.This includes processes such as brainstorming sessions, meetings, team building sessions, planning sessions, training and de velopment sessions, conflict resolution, or any other activity that requires a group of people to collaborate to achieve specific predetermined results.WHO IS A FACILITATOR? According to Ingrid Bens, a certified public facilitator and author of several books on facilitation, a facilitator can be defined as:“One who contributes structure and process to interactions so groups are able to function effectively and make high quality decisions. A helper and enabler whose goal is to support others as they achieve exceptional performance.” The role of a facilitator. Source: Steps ForwardAs a facilitator, your role is to guide the different people participating in a process to ensure that they come up with the desired results together.You provide the tools and structure needed to ensure that everyone plays a role in the process and that the process is constantly moving forward.However, as a facilitator, you do not get to make decisions for the group. Instead, your role is to provide a framework to help the group make decisions by itself.Some of your tasks as a facilitator include establishing an objective for the process, creating an environment that provides opportunities for contribution and discussion, making suggestions that will help the process run more smoothly, interrupting speakers who might be drifting from the objectives of the process, and generally steering the group towards constructive solutions.One important thing to note is that anyone can be a facilitator. You don’t need to hold any titles or have ce rtain levels of experience in order to play the role of a facilitator.All you need is the ability to bring people together and create an atmosphere that makes it possible for them to collaborate towards a common objective.This means that facilitation is not only reserved for managers and other business leaders.Actually, there are some managers who are poor at facilitation.On the other hand, having someone who is not in the group’s leadership as a facilitator helps break down the constraints of hierarchical structure, thus making everyone feel more comfortable with sharing their opinions and ideas.THE FACILITATION ZONEFacilitation is a somewhat delicate process that requires the facilitator to maintain a balance between encouraging the members to participate in the process and controlling the process.If the facilitator focuses so much on encouraging participation, there is a high likelihood that the session will turn into an animated but unregulated discussion that will take so muc h time without achieving anything meaningful.On the other hand, if the facilitator focuses so much on controlling the process, the participants might feel like their participation is stifled, thus making it harder to come up with the best solution.Therefore, everything the facilitator does should be aimed at encouraging the participants to share their contributions, while at the same time ensuring that the session does not degenerate into a meaningless discussion.WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FACILITATING AND CHAIRING A MEETINGLike I mentioned earlier, when most people come across the word facilitation, they confuse it with chairing a meeting, probably because both involve taking charge of the meeting or whatever activity is taking place.However, there are some differences between facilitating and chairing.Usually, someone chairing a meeting acts as the seat of wisdom and knowledge within the group.Even though a chair may give the participants opportunities to contribute, his or he r opinions carry more weight, and it is ultimately up to the chair to make the final decision for the group.The role of the facilitator, on the other hand, is not to give opinions or make decisions for the group, but rather to draw out the opinions and ideas of the participants and provide them with a framework for making decisions wholesomely as a group.In addition, a good facilitator does not take sides. He or she guides the process from a neutral point.Being an effective facilitator also involves developing a structure to ensure everyone’s ideas get heard and making sure every participant is comfortable sharing their ideas, and ensuring that the participants do not feel like their ideas and decisions are being influenced by their leader.While there is a difference between facilitating and chairing a meeting, the best chairs also play the role of facilitators.They give everyone equal opportunity to contribute, rather than hogging the mic at all times or acting like they have all the answers.WHY FACILITATION IS KEY TO THE FUTURE OF WORKToday, there is increasing demand for people with facilitation skills at the workplace, and as we march into the future, facilitation will become even more important.There are a number of factors contributing to the increasing demand for facilitation.First, the world is diversifying at a very rapid pace.Technological advancement has turned the world into a global village.Today, several companies have footprints spanning across different countries and continents.Other companies â€" with the help of the internet and other communication technologies â€" depend on employees spread out across multiple geographical locations and time zones.The result is that the modern workplace has become very diverse. In the coming future, the trend of workplace diversity will only increase.The diversity of modern workplaces is a good thing.When you bring together people from different backgrounds, with different experiences and different perspec tives to work on a common problem, there is a high likelihood that creative and innovative solutions will emerge.However, owing to their diversity, you can’t simply bring these people together and hope that they will work together on their own to come up with solutions.This is where facilitation comes in. Facilitation makes it possible for businesses to harness this diversity and channel it productively.Second, the business environment is becoming increasingly competitive.Actually, the world has become hypercompetitive.Business are increasingly finding it harder to sustain competitive advantage, and we can expect this trend to continue into the future.With such high levels of competition, any business that wants to remain in business needs a high dose of creativity and innovation from its employees.One of the best ways of fostering creativity and innovation at the workplace is to encourage employees to work in teams.When employees work in teams, they are quicker and more effective in their work.Having several minds exploring a problem is also more likely to uncover unconventional solutions that would not have come up otherwise.This usually happens in brainstorming sessions where team members come together on a common platform to offer various perspectives that might lead to novel solutions, which in turn helps the business remain competitive.In order for team work to be successful, however, there is need for effective facilitation.This means that facilitation is critical for the success of the organization in the age of hyper competition.Finally, the growing diversity of the modern workplace means that it is inevitable that there will be conflicts at the workplace.Whenever people from diverse backgrounds and with diverse perspectives come together, conflict cannot really be avoided.But here is the thing about conflict at the workplace â€" it can either be destructive, or it can be channelled creative to come up with innovative process, products and solutions .The key is to manage conflict effectively so that it results in creativity rather than destruction.In order to do this, there is need for effective facilitation.Considering these factors, it is inevitable that the importance of facilitation at the workplace will only keep growing.HOW TO BE AN EFFECTIVE FACILITATOR Being a good facilitator is a skill, and like most other skills, it can be learnt. Below, we look at tips on how to improve this key skill. Source: Cleverism.comAlways Start by Setting Some Ground Rules and ObjectivesWhenever you are called upon to facilitate a meeting, brainstorming session, or any other process, the first thing you should always do is to lay the ground rules and objectives of the process.Give the participants an outline structure of how you intend the session to run.Make it clear what you expect of the participants and what will not be tolerated, such as criticising others opinions or disrespect for other participants.Help the participants to clarify what the desired outcome is, and make sure that this outcome can be reasonably achieved within the available time.Ensure that there is consensus about the objectives of the session to avoid someone bringing up something new somewhere down the line.Doing this also helps foster a sense of ownership among the participants.You also need to make sure the participants understand that your role in the process is only to facilitate, not to push your own agenda.The aim here is to foster an atmosphere of trust and openness.While establishing the ground rules, you also need to determine how any potential disagreements will be dealt with.The good thing about establishing boundaries is that you are in a better position to notice when the participants veer of the track and bring them back to ensure that the desired outcome is achieved within the available time.You Have to be Good at Time ManagementWhether you are facilitating a meeting, a team building session, or a conflict resolution, you probably don’t have the whole day.Therefore, as a facilitator, it is up to you to decide how the objectives of the session can be met within the given time frame.When planning the structure outline for the session, think about each activity and how much time it is supposed to take.Considering that each participant needs to get heard, you should plan time allocations more efficiently than in a regular, run of the mill meeting.Make sure it is clear to the group how much time is allocated for each activity.Once you allocate the time for each activity, you also need to ensure that the time allocations are followed, else the time will run out before the objectives for the session have been achieved.Keep track of the time and come up with a way of notifying people that time is running up when it seems like they will exceed their allocated time.For instance, you could hold up your fingers to let them know how much time they have remaining, or you could simply say it loud.If someone goes beyond their allocated time, don’t be afraid to interrupt them and ask them to wind up.Encourage ParticipationAs a facilitator, this is one of your most important jobs.If someone feels like their contributions and ideas are being stifled, they will refrain from making further contributions, which means that the session will not effectively serve its purpose.As a facilitator, it is up to you to find ways to make the environment inclusive, so that the participa nts not only feel comfortable sharing their ideas, but are actually encouraged to contribute.If you notice that some of the participants have not contributed, reach out to them and encourage them to speak out.You should also design structures and activities that encourage contribution.For instance, you could divide the group into smaller discussion groups, since people are more likely to share their ideas and opinions when dealing with a smaller group of people.Remain ImpartialThis is another important thing to keep in mind when playing the role of a facilitator.As a facilitator, your main task is to draw out the contributions of the participants and guide the group to make a decision on their own, without in any way influencing the outcome yourself.This is not as easy as it sounds.Remaining impartial means that you should suppress your opinions and ideas while moderating the ideas and opinions of others.Whatever you do, you should help the group reach consensus without imposing you r opinions on them. At the end of the session, the group should feel that they have achieved the outcome by themselves.Always Be Ready to InterveneWhile you are not actually chairing the meeting or brainstorming session, you are still in charge of the session, and it is up to you to make sure it ends successfully.This means that you should constantly monitor what is going on and determining whether it is taking the group closer to its objectives.If something happens that you feel is taking away from the objectives of the group, you should be ready to intervene and get the group back on track.For instance, if someone is taking more time than they are allocated, you should intervene and let them know that they have to give time to other participants.Similarly, if someone says or does something that is disrespectful to another participant, you should step in and let them know that disrespect will not be tolerated.The point here is that you should always be ready to step in and stop any thing that might make it harder to achieve the objectives of the group.Be Sensitive to Individual and Group FeelingsI already mentioned earlier that facilitation is all about fostering an atmosphere of trust, openness and respect.In order to do this, you need to be able to use your senses, your instincts and your intuition to pick up the atmosphere and gauge how the participants are individually responding to the topic being discussed and the opinions of other participants.When some of the participants feel uncomfortable, angry, or even hurt by something that was said, most of them will not speak up about their discomfort.Instead, they will silently pull out from the discussion.As a facilitator, it is up to you to read the body language and emotional temperature of the participants and gauge whether everyone is feeling comfortable with the discussion.Take note of those who are talking and those who are not and try to get them involved.Aside from being sensitive to the feelings of th e individual participants, you should also be sensitive to the group chemistry.How does the entire group feel?Are they eager, bored, angry, restless, enthusiastic, or suspicious?Once you perceive the group chemistry, you should then try to influence it in a way that promotes participation and engagement.For instance, if the group is bored, try to bring in some engaging activities or humour to bring up group energy.Probe the ParticipantsSometimes, there will be participants who will remain clammed up despite your best efforts of creating an atmosphere of trust and openness.Still, it is important to hear what they have to say. Probing is a great way of getting such participants to express themselves.For instance, if you notice someone has not spoken, you can nudge them with questions such as “What are your thoughts on this, Suzie?”Probing is also a great way of ensuring that everyone’s contribution is clear.When a participant shares ideas or opinions that are not very clear, pro be them with more questions to get them to elaborate their ideas till everyone in the room has understood what they are saying.Synthesize IdeasWhen a diverse group of people is sharing their individual ideas, it sometimes becomes difficult for some of the participants to make sense of what is being said or to understand how it ties to the bigger picture.As a facilitator, it is up to you to take the different ideas from different people and express them in a succinct manner that allows everyone to understand how the ideas are connected to the whole.Once someone has finished making their contribution, give a summary of what they said and confirm if that is what they actually meant.This minimizes the chances of some participants’ contributions getting misinterpreted.WRAPPING UPFacilitation is an important skill, and as the modern workplace continues becoming more diverse and more competitive, the importance of this skill will only keep increasing.Therefore it is important to start de veloping your facilitation skills.Remember, facilitation is all about bringing diverse groups of people together and making it easy for them to work together to come up with a solution to a problem.With the tips shared in this article, you can start slowly improving your facilitation skills.Considering that facilitation requires lots of skill in reading other people’s body language and behaviour, you need to practice a lot.The more you practice, the better you will get.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Fashion Creations of Christian Lacroix - 1465 Words

â€Å"For me, elegance is not to pass unnoticed but to get to the very soul of what one is.† –Christian Lacroix The creations of fashion designer, Christian Lacroix, are the epitome of the perfect spontaneous combinations of what he truly embodies. Inspiration for these comes from his southern France roots, his passion for the Provence traditions and customs, and his continuing fascination with the history of clothing. Lacroix’s artfully unexpected mixtures express a new form of luxury, simultaneously playful, baroque, and sophisticated. He intertwines bright colors and over the top materials in creations that express a distinct blending of varying cultures. These cultures, and their distant or forgotten costumes, form the basis of the†¦show more content†¦The Christian Lacroix house was inaugurated in 1987 in the city of Paris. On July 26, 1987 Lacroix showed his first collection (introducing the â€Å"pouf† skirt, known as a milestone in fashion history for its inventiveness) under his very own name, and that year the Council of Fashion Designers of America awarded him, â€Å"Most Influential Foreign Designer.† He was referred to as the â€Å"Messiah†, by a French magazine, and even Time featured him on the cover. In 1988, he received his second Golden Thimble, and debuted his first Ready-to-Wear collection. In 1989, Christian Lacroix introduced his first line of accessories including jewelry, handbags, shoes, glasses, scarves, and ties. Also, during this year he celebrated the opening of boutiques in Paris, Arles, Aix-en-Provence, Toulouse, London, Geneva, and Japan. In 1994, he created the â€Å"Bazar† line, a collection based more on folklore and historical time periods than his Ready-to-Wear and Haute Couture lines. In 1995, Lacroix launched the CL Linen and Towel Collection in the spirit of which he believes, â€Å"that fashion and lifestyle are two sides of the same coin.† In 1996, he cre ated his Jeans line. This collection embraces the past, present, and future and was inspired mainly by popular and ethnic art and tradition throughout the world. The fact thatShow MoreRelatedInternational Marketing - Dior Addict4819 Words   |  20 PagesDior Addict Content Introduction FRANCE I. Marketing analysis p 4 A. PESTL p 4 B. Opportunity / Threat p 4 C. Strengths / Weaknesses p 5 D. Segmentation p 5 II. Communication analysis p 5 A. Christian Dior`s image p 5 B. Mode of communication p 6 1. Basic offer p 6 a. FAB terminology p 6 2. Persuasive communication p 6 a. Target description p 6 b. Process of message transfer p 6 c. StimulusRead MoreThe Influence of the Western Culture on the4363 Words   |  18 Pagespeople from the prevailent religion in the subcontinent played an important role in the change in the traditional culture. The converts to chiristanity were encouraged not only to give up their religion but also their traditions and cultures. A fine christian convert would dress like an Englishman and imitate English behaviour in all things.Thus the converts to Christanity were buoyant to think behave and live like the Englishmen. The English education system was introducced by the then Governer Generals’Read MoreLuxury Brand5746 Words   |  23 Pagesluxury only per hour of the Release, thanks to: fashion in particular of Christian Dior and the new look, per hour of the revolution zazou and the existentialism. In the post-war period it will really be necessary to wait, the years 1950 and them assistances of the Marshall plan so that manufactures take again their activities. The textile comes then at the head from exports with nearly 20% to the value to the exported products, thanks to Parisian creations very appreciated on the other side of theRead MoreLvmh Strategic Management10280 Words   |  42 Pagesand trunk- maker and jobbed as a luggage packer in Paris. During this time he became familiar with the needs of the wealthy travelers. IN 1854 he opened the first â€Å"Louis Vuitton Malletier† store in Paris. His signature canvas and the innovative creations such as flat-topped trunks and wardrobe trunks, soon increased demand and gave the brand the image of cosmopolitan and elegant lifestyle goods. In order to prevent counterfeiting he created the world famous monogram logo and various distinguishingRead MoreLvmhs Diversification Strategy Into Luxury Goods5810 Words   |  24 P agesenvironment, its resources and competitive position. 2.1 Background to Organization LVMH is an international group of companies that produces and sells luxury goods. It is associated with a number of product lines such as wines, cosmetics, fragrances, fashion, watches, jewellery and retail and with the most prestigious brands in those sectors. Since it conception in 1987, when Louis Vuitton merged with Moet amp; Chandon champagne and Hennessy cognac, LVMH was conceived to be a star group. Its businessRead MoreLouis Vuitton MÃÆ' ¶et Hennesey (Lvmh)5826 Words   |  24 Pagesenvironment, its resources and competitive position. 2.1 Background to Organization LVMH is an international group of companies that produces and sells luxury goods. It is associated with a number of product lines such as wines, cosmetics, fragrances, fashion, watches, jewellery and retail and with the most prestigious brands in those sectors. Since it conception in 1987, when Louis Vuitton merged with Moet amp; Chandon champagne and Hennessy cognac, LVMH was conceived to be a star group. Its businessRead MoreCase Study LVMH, Strategy and future: Diversification.5524 Words   |  23 Pagesenvironment, its resources and competitive position. 2.1 Background to Organization LVMH is an international group of companies that produces and sells luxury goods. It is associated with a number of product lines such as wines, cosmetics, fragrances, fashion, watches, jewellery and retail and with the most prestigious brands in those sectors. Since it conception in 1987, when Louis Vuitton merged with Moet Chandon champagne and Hennessy cognac, LVMH was conceived to be a star group. Its business strategyRead MoreGucci Case Study12528 Words   |  51 PagesHarvard Business School 9-701-037 Rev. May 10, 2001 Gucci Group N.V. (A) Historically, fashion was viewed like movies. We made it a business. -Domenico De Sole, CEO, Gucci Group Domenico De Sole seated himself at the wenge-and-steel conference table in his London office, a few steps from Bond Street, home to the most glittering names in the luxury world. It was a springlike morning in February 2000, and several blocks away, eager shoppers

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

My Critique of a Blogpost Essay - 571 Words

So I found this article via a Facebook friend. The following comment is what I wrote on that friends wall. I felt it only appropriate to allow the author to read and respond to my criticism. So, as black man whos, currently, very irreligious but was a Christian for 15 years, my perspective on this article may be different from that of the authors. While I think the author of this article has internalized the patriarchy inherent to many religious circles (be they Christian, Jewish, Muslim, etc), I disagree with the author even more on her understanding of the Bible. There are 4 things in particular that really irked me about this article. 1. The author totally misunderstands the story of Adam and Eve. The quote ...just remember what†¦show more content†¦3. The author is really arrogant! If you accept that God is omnipotent and omniscient and you accept that God created you, then you also accept that God created your freewill. And you also accept that not even God is powerful enough to go against your freewill. For this I call your attention to Deuteronomy 30:18-20 which says This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now CHOOSE life, so that you and your children may live and that you may love the Lord your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the Lord is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Even in the Old Testament God makes reference to the fact that you have a choice and he is not at liberty to make that choice for you. The fa ct that the author can tell you how to express your freewill in choosing who you will and wont pursue romantically, or otherwise, but God cant belies the authors arrogance. 4. Finally, my last comment is simply a warning. Beware of anyone who tells you they know Gods will for your life. Again: if you accept that God is omniscient, then you accept that God knows his plan for your life. And if you accept that God is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last, the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Among African Americans Free Essays

Type II Diabetes Mellitus among African Americans Type II Diabetes Mellitus is an adult-onset diabetes that affects 90% of the diabetes patients. It is when the body does not recognize the insulin being produced by the pancreas, or not enough is produced. Insulin is a hormone that causes different cells to take up glucose for energy. We will write a custom essay sample on Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Among African Americans or any similar topic only for you Order Now Resistance to insulin causes the build up of glucose in the blood, which causes improper functions of cells and blood circulation, damage to nerves and blood vessels. The prevalence of type II diabetes is highest in African Americans among ethnic and racial groups. African American type II diabetic populations have tripled in 1993 when compared to 1963. Type II diabetes is mostly developed after age 40, but the age is getting younger due to high rates of obese populations among African Americans. Major causes for such high rates include, hereditary traits, hyperinsulinemia, poor diet, obesity, smoking habits and lack of physical activity. Some symptoms to notice are frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger, dry mouth, blurred vision, skin irritation and fatigue. Medical doctor diagnoses it after a confirmatory test called fasting plasma glucose test (FPG). Blood is drawn while fasting and analyzed for blood glucose levels. Normal is considered to be between 70 to 100 milligrams per deciliter, and if it greater than or equal to 126 milligrams per deciliter, one is said to have diabetes. Although oral medications are available, type II diabetes can be controlled by proper diet and exercise. Frequent self-testing for glucose levels using a glucometer can provide information on how well you are doing managing the levels. Frequent doctor visits for glucose tests are recommended. If left uncontrolled, it can cause eye diseases such as retinopathy, which is more prevalent in African Americans than Caucasian Americans. It can also lead to kidney failure, amputation and the worst-case scenario, diabetic coma. Prevention is important to decrease these chances and avoid serious health consequences. Bibliography Search: 1. Tuomilehto, Jaakko, Lindstrom, Jaana, Eriksson, Johan G. , Valle, Timo T. , Hamalainen, Helena, Ilanne-Parikka, Pirjo, Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka, Laakso, Mauri, Louheranta, Anne, Rastas, Merja, Salminen, Virpi, Aunola, Sirkka, Cepaitis, Zygimantas, Moltchanov, Vladislav, Hakumaki, Martti, Mannelin, Marjo, Martikkala, Vesa, Sundvall, Jouko, Uusitupa, Matti, the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Changes in Lifestyle among Subjects with Impaired Glucose Tolerance. New England Journal of Medicine. 344 (2001): 1343-1350. 2. Brancati, FL. â€Å"Incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in African American and white adults – The atherosclerosis risk in communities study. † Journal of the American Medical Association 283. 17 (2000): 2253-2259. 3. Robbins, JM, Vaccarino, V, Zhang, H, Kasl, SV. Socioeconomic status and type 2 diabetes in African American and non-Hispanic white women and men: evidence from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. † American Journal of Public Health 91. 1 (2001): 76-83. 4. Signorello, Lisa B. , Schlundt, David G. , Cohen, Sarah S. , Steinwandel, Mark D. , Buchowski, Maciej S. , McLaughlin, Joseph K . , Hargreaves, Margaret K. , Blot, William J. â€Å"Comparing Diabetes Prevalence Between African Americans and Whites of Similar Socioeconomic Status. † American Journal of Public Health 97 (2007): 2260-2267. 5. Bell RA, Summerson JH, Konen JC: Dietary intakes by levels of glycemic control for black and white adults with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). J Am Coll Nutr 14 (1995):144–154. 6. Weatherspoon LJ, Kumanyika SK, Ludlow R, Schatz D: Glycemic control in a sample of black and white clinic patients with NIDDM. Diabetes Care 17(1994):1148–1153. 7. Wisdom K, Fryzek JP, Havstad SL, Anderson RM, Dreiling MC, Tilley BC: Comparison of laboratory test frequency and test results between African-Americans and Caucasians with diabetes: opportunity for improvement. Diabetes Care 20 (1997):971–977. 8. Fagot-Campagna, A. â€Å"Emergence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children: epidemiological evidence. † Journal of Pediatric Endocrinol Metab. 13. 6 (2000). 9. Osei K, Rhinesmith S, Gaillard T, Schuster D P. â€Å"Impaired Insulin Sensitivity, Insulin Secretion, and Glucose Effectiveness Predict Future Development of Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Type 2 Diabetes in Pre-Diabetic African Americans: Implications for primary diabetes prevention. † Diabetes Care 27 (2004):1439-1446. 10. Osei K, Gaillard T, Schuster D P. Pathogenetic mechanisms of impaired glucose tolerance and type II diabetes in African-Americans. The significance of insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity, and glucose effectiveness. Diabetes Care 20 (1997):396-404 11. Danadian K, Balasekaran G, Lewy V, Meza M P, Robertson R, Arslanian S A. â€Å"Insulin sensitivity in African-American children with and without family history of type 2 diabetes. † Diabetes Care August 22 (1995):1325-1329. 12. National Institutes of Health–NIDDK: Diabetes in African Americans. In Diabetes in America. 2nd ed. No. 95–1468 ed. , 1995,p. 613–629 How to cite Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Among African Americans, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

There Are Many Things That Make the Desktop Superior to the Laptop free essay sample

There are many things that make the desktop more efficient and superior to the laptop. The desktop is better than the laptop due to the fact it has more features. The desktop alone can fulfill the task of a computer without having unnecessary and utterly useless add-ons. â€Å"Bona†, which is â€Å"just not another tech site†, compares the qualities of a desktop to that of the laptop. The site claims that â€Å"desktops are more superior to laptops† due to the fact they are portable, light weighted and have wireless internet The desktop, which is currently advancing in modern day technologies, now added the wireless internet feature. Although many would find this to be a useless feature for a desktop due to its heavy interior, one can avoid drilling holes in walls and moving hundreds of wires; it can all be taken away by a small router. The weight of the desktop easily outweighs the laptop therefore making it harder to transport. We will write a custom essay sample on There Are Many Things That Make the Desktop Superior to the Laptop or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The desktop, which was falling behind due to these disadvantages, now made the difference less oblivious. The desktop now has most of the features a laptop would need. The portability of the laptop is easily outmatched by the superior speed of the desktop. The desktop, which could not connect wirelessly now can by connected with a router. The laptop, which was known for its portability and wireless internet, will soon be matched in the competition when the desktop equals the laptop in most aspects and becomes the more popular once again. The desktop is also known as the traditional type of computer as well.